Current Affairs: PM Narendra Modi to cancel all three forms
Agricultural Laws 2020 – PC: My Result Plus
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the repeal of three agricultural laws on 19 November 2021. These laws were passed in Parliament in the midst of the monsoon session in September 2020. Mostly, the farmers of the states of Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh were opposing the agricultural laws. Out of these 3 states, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab will have assembly elections next year.
After the agricultural bills were converted into agricultural laws, farmers’ protests grew rapidly across the country. The farmers continuously demanded the government to withdraw all three agricultural laws. The farmers also demanded legal guarantee from the government on Minimum Support Price, MSP. Bills were passed in Lok Sabha on 17 September and in Rajya Sabha on 20 September. After which the President of India Ram Nath Kovind gave his approval on 27 September 2020. On 12 January 2021, a massive farmers’ protest over agricultural laws reached the Supreme Court of India. The court ordered an immediate stay on the implementation of the three agricultural laws till further notice. Below we have explained the concept of all three agricultural laws.
Agricultural Laws 2020: Explained
Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020
As noted in various State Agricultural Produce Marketing Committees, APMCs, this law allowed farmers to use their produced goods for trade outside the physical market. The fear for this bill was created because its implementation would dilute the physical market under the APMC.
Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Agricultural Services Act 2020
As per the framework of this law described in Sections 3 to 12, farmers can engage themselves in contract farming. This means that the farmer can enter into a direct agreement with the buyer to sell the goods at a predetermined price before the sowing season. The bill did not mention the MSP that the buyer has to pay to the farmer while buying the crop. The government said that this law will enable farmers to sell and trade anywhere without any legal framework. On the other hand, the concern of the farmers was about the corporatization of agriculture. He also believed that this bill is going to do away with the MSP scheme.
The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020
This law has been made after amendment in the Essential Commodities Act, 1955. This gives the Center some power to impose limits on the stockholding of food items. The bill also includes exclusion of onion, edible oil and potato from the list of essential commodities.
— BJP (@BJP4India) November 19, 2021
In an address to the nation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said, “We have not been able to convince our farmers. This is not the time to blame anyone. I want to tell you that we have withdrawn agricultural laws. Agriculture budget has increased by 5 times, over Rs 1.25 lakh crore is being spent annually. The three agriculture laws were aimed at empowering farmers, especially small farmers. The laws were in the interest of farmers, but we are one of the farmers. Couldn’t persuade the class.
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