Of the 610,000 cancers reported in 2012-19, 7.9% were childhood
Childhood cancer (0–14 years) comprised 7.9 percent of all cancers, according to the report, “Clinicopathological Profile of Cancer in India: A Report of Hospital-Based Cancer Registries, 2021”.
Cancers at sites associated with tobacco use comprised 48.7 percent of cancers in men and 16.5 percent of cancers in women.
A total of 13,32,207 cancer cases were registered from 96 hospitals under NCRP during 2012-19. Of these, 6,10,084 cases were included for analysis based on the completeness and quality of the data.
The report was prepared by the Indian Council of Medical Research – National Center for Disease Informatics and Research, Bengaluru.
According to the report, cancers of the head and neck region are responsible for almost a third (31.2 percent) of cancers in men. Gynecological cancers, including breast cancer (51 percent), account for more than half of all cancers in women.
The relative proportion of site-specific cancers was higher in men than women, except for thyroid cancer (2.5 percent in women versus 1 percent in men) and gall bladder cancer (3.7 percent in women versus 2.2 percent in men).
The highest proportion of cancers from all sites were reported in the age group of 45 to 64 years, except for prostate cancer, which was higher in those over 65. More than 90 percent of cancers in various organ sites were diagnosed by microscopic examination. The report said.
Among all cancers, the highest proportion of distant metastasis was observed in patients with lung cancer (49.2 percent of men and 55.5 percent of women), followed by gallbladder cancer (40.9 percent of men and 45.7 percent of women) and prostate. cancer (42.9 percent).
More than a third of patients with cancers of the tongue, larynx, thyroid, corpus uteri, kidney (including children), bladder and retinoblastoma had localized disease at the time of presentation.
Chemotherapy was the most typical treatment modality for many cancers, including liver, gall bladder, stomach, lung and childhood cancers, regardless of the clinical extent of the disease at presentation, the report said.
Irrespective of organ site and clinical extent, most cancer patients were started on cancer-directed treatment within 8 to 30 days of diagnosis.
More than half of patients with brain and nervous system cancers and about a third of lung, prostate, bladder and thyroid cancers with localized disease were diagnosed at the reporting institution on the same day cancer-directed treatment was initiated. stated in the report.
The report is based on seven years of data on cancer cases from 96 hospital-based cancer registries (HBCR) under the NCRP. The data pertains to all diagnosed and treated patients with confirmed malignancies reported to these centers across the country.
Cancer surveillance is an essential part of cancer prevention and control efforts. The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) started the National Cancer Registry Program (NCRP) in 1981 through a network of population and hospital based cancer registries (PBCRs and HBCRs).
Cancer registries systematically collect, store, analyze, interpret and generate meaningful data on cancer, which helps to develop plans and implement effective evidence-based strategies.
(Only the title and image in this report may have been reworked by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is generated automatically from a syndicated feed.)
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