America, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan have agreed in principle to establish a new quadrilateral diplomatic forum focused on enhancing regional connectivity. The Parties regard long-term peace and stability in Afghanistan as vital to regional connectivity and agree that peace and regional connectivity are mutually reinforcing.
Afghanistan’s strategic position has long been seen as a competitive advantage for the country. bordering Afghanistan Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan to the north, and China to the northeast.
The formation of a new Quad group is important amid China’s desire to expand Belt Road Initiative for Afghanistan (BRI). BRI, a multi-billion dollar initiative launched by Chinese President Xi Jinping when he came to power in 2013, aims to connect Southeast Asia, Central Asia, the Gulf region, Africa and Europe through a network of land and sea routes. By virtue of its location, Afghanistan can provide a strategic base for China to spread its influence around the world.